Peace or armistice? The Treaty of Versailles, 28 June 1919

On June 28, 1919, at 3.12 pm, in the Hall of Mirrors of the historic Palace of Versailles, the German Social Democrat Hermann Müller, Foreign Minister for just over a week, and the Minister of the Colonies, the centrist parliamentarian Johannes Bell, signed, in the name of the German government, the peace treaty that formally … read more

Massacre at Amritsar, 13 april 1919

At nine o’clock in the morning of Sunday 13 April 1919, a peaceful crowd of Hindus, Sikhs and Muslims gathered since midnight in the grassy area of ​​just over two hectares, a sort of large square, the Jallianwala Bagh, in Amritsar, city of Punjab, north-western region of India, to celebrate the Baisakhi, the traditional Sikh … read more

The British Rowlatt Act against India national movement

British rule in India (British Raj) officially dates back to 1858. It was following the great Indian Revolt of 1857 (Revolt of the Sepoys), due in large part to the arrogant conduct of the East India Company, which until then had governed the subcontinent, which became the direct domain of the English Crown, which allowed … read more

The bloodbath of Afghanistan

These days, the UN has traced the annual civilian casualties in Afghanistan: with 3,804 deaths and 7,189 wounded, the Afghan people have once again paid the highest tribute from the beginning of a civil conflict that bloodshed the country after the intervention Western, started in December of the now distant 2001. An impressive body count … read more

USA-China on the Huawei case: Europe’s embarrassment

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo stated clearly that the United States does not intend to release more confidential information to countries using Huawei equipment in their data networks. An ultimatum to the European allies Pompey told Fox Business that even the allies using the equipment of the Chinese supplier in their strategic information systems … read more